Retina Specialist

What is a Retina Specialist?

A retina specialist is a medical doctor who has specialized in ophthalmology and sub-specialized in diseases and surgery of the vitreous retina. This subspecialty is sometimes known as vitreoretinal medicine.

What does a retina specialist do?

A retina specialist is a highly trained subspecialist with special skills to diagnose and treat specific parts of the complex human visual system. A diagnosis of retina and vitreous disease should prompt a thorough examination that may require highly technical equipment and testing.

The retina is a light-sensitive area in the back of the eye that includes the macula, which is made up of light-sensitive cells that provide us with sharp, detailed vision. In a healthy eye, images are focused onto the retina and then converted into electrical signals that are sent to the brain for processing. The vitreous body of the eye is a clear gel that fills the space between the retina and the lens. The retina, the macula, and the vitreous body can all be subject to disease and conditions that can lead to blindness or vision interruption and may require the attention of a retina specialist.

The medical treatments and surgical procedures used by retina specialists are extremely exacting and delicate. Most retinal surgeries require a microscope and are therefore called microsurgical procedures. Retina-vitreous surgeons work on extremely delicate tissues in an incredibly small space. The laser is a vital medical tool used by retina specialist for procedures in both office and hospital settings.

Retina specialists treat a variety of conditions, ranging from age-related macular degeneration to retinal detachment and cancers of the eye. A retina specialist may also treat a patient who has experienced severe eye trauma, and may be consulted in the case of patients dealing with hereditary diseases of the eye.

Conditions & diseases treated by retina specialists

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Macular hole/Pucker
  • Ocular malignancies - retinoblastoma
  • Retinal detachment
  • Retinal vein occlusion
  • High myopia
  • Vitreous hemorrhage


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